Investment statistics

Key data at a glance

New Zealand is an island nation situated in the South Pacific Ocean. With a land area of 268,000 square kilometres, it is similar in size to Japan or Britain. We have a relatively large exclusive maritime economic zone of 4.1 million square kilometres.

Over half of New Zealand's total land area is pasture and arable land, and more than a quarter is under forest cover, including 1.8 million hectares of planted production forest. Lakes and rivers cover 1 percent of the land area. Most of the rivers are swift and seldom navigable, but many are valuable sources of hydro-electric power.

New Zealand’s resident population is approximately 4.7 million. With an estimated population of 1.5 million people, the Greater Auckland Region is one of the fastest growing regions in the country.

Trade is essential to New Zealand’s economic prosperity. Exports of goods and services make up around 30 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), and New Zealand’s trade interests are well diversified. Australia, China, North America, the European Union and the Association of South-East Asian Nations are our largest markets for goods and services exports. Other major trading partners include Japan and the Republic of Korea.

Asia-Pacific regional linkages remain at the core of New Zealand’s political and economic interests. The countries of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) take more than 70 percent of New Zealand’s exports, provide 71 percent of tourism arrivals, and account for around 75% percent of New Zealand’s foreign direct investment. However, New Zealand’s trade policy still has strong links to Europe and successive governments have also pursued opportunities in emerging regions, such as in the Middle East and Latin America.

While New Zealand exports a broad range of products, it remains reliant on exports of commodity-based products as a main source of export receipts and relies on imports of raw materials and capital equipment for industry.

The following are a selection of economic indicators and investment statistics including foreign direct investment levels, exports and markets.

Economic indicators

 Economic indicators  Total  Year end 
 Population  4,885,300  Jun - 18
 Nominal GDP (NZ$million)¹  264,777  Mar - 17 
 Nominal GDP growth (%)  5.7  Mar - 17
 Nominal GDP per capita (NZ$)²  56,073  Mar - 17
 Real GDP (NZ$million)³  230,537  Mar - 17
 Real GDP growth (%)  3.0  Mar - 17
 Real GDP per capita (NZ$)  48,822  Mar - 17
 CPI inflation (%)  1.5  Jun - 18
 Unemployment rate (%)  4.5  Jun - 18 
 Total merchandise exports (fob, actual values, NZ$million)  53,625  Dec - 17
 Total merchandise imports (cif, actual values, NZ$million)  56,476  Dec - 17
 Trade surplus / deficit (current prices, NZ$million)  4,200  Dec - 17
 Export of services (NZ$million)  22,747  Dec - 17
 Import of services (NZ$million)  18,225  Dec - 17
 Stock of New Zealand's direct investment abroad (NZ$million)  25,424  Dec - 17
 Stock of foreign investment in New Zealand (NZ$million)  107,664  Dec - 17

1 In current prices
2 In 2009/10 prices, includes unallocated taxes on production and imports, and balancing items
3 Seasonally adjusted
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Foreign direct investment flows into New Zealand by country

 Country  NZ$ million  Year end
 Australia  2,935  Dec - 17
 United States of America  -100  Dec - 17
 Hong Kong (SAR)  691  Dec - 17
 United Kingdom  268  Dec - 17
 Japan 293  Dec - 17
 Netherlands 295  Dec - 17
 Virgin Islands, British 146  Dec - 17
Singapore -384  Dec - 17
 Other or Confidential  880  Dec - 17
 Total direct investment in NZ  5,027  Dec - 17

Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals 
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Stock of foreign direct investment in New Zealand by country

Country   NZ$ million  Year end
 Australia  55,958  Dec - 17
 United States of America  8,190  Dec - 17
 Hong Kong (SAR)  6,990  Dec - 17
 United Kingdom  5,663  Dec - 17
 Japan  5,519  Dec - 17
 Singapore  4,347  Dec - 17
 Netherlands  4,457  Dec - 17
 Virgin Islands, British  3,266  Dec - 17
 Canada  3,249  Dec - 17
 China, People's Republic of  1,268  Dec - 17
 Cayman Islands  1,155  Dec - 17
 Switzerland  491  Dec - 17
 Other or confidential  7,111  Dec - 17
 Total direct investment in NZ1  107,664  Dec - 17

1 Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Stock of total foreign investment in New Zealand by country

Country NZ$ million Year end
 Australia  114,882  Mar - 16
 Canada  5,570  Mar - 16
 Cayman Islands  1,158  Mar - 16
 Channel Islands  Confidential  Mar - 16
 China, People's Republic of  5,464  Mar - 16
 Hong Kong (SAR)  8,504  Mar - 16
 Japan  11,753  Mar - 16
 Malaysia  638  Mar - 16
 Netherlands  8,692  Mar - 16
 Singapore  7,753  Mar - 16
 Switzerland  1,924  Mar - 16
 United Kingdom  74,319  Mar - 16
 United States  35,952  Mar - 16
 Virgin Islands, British  3,014  Mar - 16
 Total investment in NZ1  386,360  Mar - 16

1 Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Exports - top commodities

Commodity NZ$ million Year end
 Milk powder, butter, and cheese  13,969  Dec - 17
 Business and other personal travel  10,551  Dec - 17
 Meat and edible offal 6,616  Dec - 17
 Logs, wood and wood articles 4,642  Dec - 17
 Education-related travel 3,912  Dec - 17
Transportation 2,972  Dec - 17
Fruit 2,663  Dec - 17
Other business services 2,011  Dec - 17
Wine 1,688  Dec - 17
Mechanical machinery & equipment 1,642  Dec - 17
Fish, crustaceans and molluscs 1,609  Dec - 17
Preparations of cereal, flour and starch 1,503  Dec - 17
 Confidential items (1) 1,273  Dec - 17
Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,259  Dec - 17
 Aluminium and aluminium articles 1,118  Dec - 17
Electrical machinery and equipment 1,038  Dec - 17
 Casein and caseinates 899  Dec - 17
 Optical, medical, and measuring equipment 883  Dec - 17
Telecommunication, computer and information services 840  Dec - 17
Wood pulp and waste paper 785  Dec - 17
 Financial services 785  Dec - 17
Precious metals, jewellery and coins 703 Dec - 17
Total1
76,372 Dec - 17

Only a limited country breakdown is shown in this table, therefore data does not sum to stated totals
Source: Statistics New Zealand

Exports - top 20 countries

 Country  Goods NZ$ million  Services NZ$ million  Total NZ$ million Year end
 China, People's Republic of 12,094 2,893 14,963  Dec -17
Australia 8,808 4,818 13,626  Dec -17
 United States of America 5,325 3,136 8,461  Dec -17
 Japan 3,205 883 4,088  Dec -17
 United Kingdom 1,448 1,523 2,971  Dec -17
 Korea, Republic of 1,493 499 1,992  Dec -17
India 679 1,127 1,806  Dec -17
 Singapore 1,141 411 1,552  Dec -17
Hong Kong (SAR) 1,101 400 1,512  Dec -17
Germany 714 731 1,445  Dec -17
Taiwan 1,128 175 1,303  Dec -17
 Malaysia 1,017 286 1,303  Dec -17
 Thailand 881 219 1,100  Dec -17
 Indonesia 964 124 1,088  Dec -17
Netherlands 874 150 1,024  Dec -17
Canada 677 402 1,019  Dec -17
United Arab Emirates 875 141 1,016  Dec -17
Philippines 704 251 955  Dec -17
Viet Nam 723 100 823  Dec -17
France 321 430 751  Dec -17

Source: Statistics New Zealand

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